Science Endorsement
Why Elementary Education Science endorsement?
Students preparing to teach either in K6 elementary school settings or grades 58 middle school science settings will gain valuable knowledge by adding this endorsement to their Elementary Education major.
Elementary Education (K6) majors wishing to add an endorsement in Science will complete the following courses (see "Degree Requirements" below).

The following courses (either M148 and M149 or M151):
B110  Botany and Zoology I (3 credits)
Emphasis is placed upon photosynthesis and respiration, and physiological processes including nutrition, gas exchange, transportation and regulation of body fluids. It is an investigation of the structure and function of both plants and animals and intended as an introductory overview. Three lecture/discussion periods are held weekly.
Offered fall semester. Concurrent registration in B111 is required.
B111  Botany and Zoology I Laboratory (1 credit )
These laboratory studies complement the concepts presented in B110. Investigations including physiological and molecular relationships and interactions are the basis for the course. The lab meets for one threehour session each week.
Offered fall semester. Concurrent registration in B110 is required.
C131  General Chemistry I (3 credits)
This course covers the fundamental principles upon which the study of chemistry is based. Stoichiometry, atomic structure, molecular structure, chemical bonding, behavior of gases, kinetic molecular theory, properties of solutions, chemical reactivity and thermochemistry are included. Three hours of lecture per week.
Offered fall semester. Prerequisites: M151 placement, or M149, or minimum grade of C in M148 with concurrent enrollment in M149; concurrent with C133. Students who complete C131/C133 may not enroll in C110.
C133  General Chemistry I Laboratory (1 credit)
This laboratory is an inquirybased approach to understanding the process of doing chemistry. Each week, as a team member with a specific role working for a consulting company, the student receives a letter from a ﾓchemical clientﾔ requesting the solution to a chemical problem. It is the responsibility of the team to design a solution, collect data, and report the results to the client in report form.
Offered fall semester. Prerequisite: concurrent with C131
C142  General Chemistry II (3 credits)
This course includes the study of the chemistry of redox reactions, chemical kinetics, chemical equilibrium theory, electrochemistry, chemical dynamics, organic chemistry, phase behavior and solution chemistry. Three hours of lecture per week.
Offered spring semester. Prerequisites: minimum grade of C in C131/133 and concurrent with C144.
C144  General Chemistry II Laboratory (1 credit)
This laboratory is an inquirybased approach to understanding the process of doing chemistry. Each week, as a team member with a specific role working for a consulting company, the student receives a letter from a ﾓchemical clientﾔ requesting the solution to a chemical problem. It is the responsibility of the team to design a solution, collect data, and report the results to the client in report form.
Offered spring semester. Prerequisites: minimum grade of C in C131/133 and concurrent with C142.
M148  Calculus with Precalculus I (4 credits)
This course, followed by M149, provides a twosemester sequence that covers the material of a traditional Calculus I course along with builtin coverage of precalculus topics. Topics in M148 include: solving equations, functions, classes of functions (polynomial, rational, algebraic, exponential, logarithmic), right triangle trigonometry, angle measure, limits and continuity, derivatives, rules for derivatives. Credit is not granted for this course and M151 or courses equivalent to college algebra and college trigonometry.
Prerequisite: mathematics competency satisfied.
M149  Calculus with Precalculus II (4 credits)
This course completes the twosemester sequence that begins with M148, and together with M148 provides a twosemester sequence that covers the material of a traditional Calculus I course along with builtin coverage of precalculus topics. Topics in M149 include: trigonometric and inverse trigonometric functions, rules for derivatives, applications of derivatives, and definite and indefinite integrals. Credit is not granted for this course and M151.
Prerequisite: M148.
This course provides an introduction to the differential and integral calculus. Topics include: the concepts of function, limit, continuity, derivative, definite and indefinite integrals, and an introduction to transcendental functions. Credit is not granted for this course and M148 and M149.
Prerequisites: departmental placement or courses equivalent to college algebra and college trigonometry.
P201  Introductory Physics I (3 credits)
This course is the first half of a twosemester introductory, calculusbased, physics course for all students planning to enter one of the scientific professions. It covers the fundamental principles of mechanics, oscillations, and fluid mechanics.
Offered fall semester. Prerequisites: M149 or M151 (M151 may be concurrent) and concurrent with P202.
P202  Introductory Physics I Laboratory (1 credit)
One threehour laboratory is held each week covering topics studied in the lectures.
Offered fall semester. Concurrent with P201.
P211  Introductory Physics II (3 credits)
This course is the second half of a twosemester introductory, calculusbased, physics course for all students planning to enter one of the scientific professions. It covers the fundamental principles of waves, physical and geometrical optics, and electricity and magnetism.
Offered spring semester. Prerequisites: P201/202; concurrent with P212.
P212  Introductory Physics II Laboratory (1 credit)
One threehour laboratory is held each week covering topics studied in the lectures.
Offered spring semester. Concurrent with P211.
ST132  Reasoning with Statistics (3 credits)
This course is designed to develop student facility in the use of statistical methods and the understanding of statistical concepts. The course takes a practical approach based on statistical examples taken from everyday life. Topics include: descriptive and inferential statistics, an intuitive introduction to probability, estimation, hypothesis testing, chisquare tests, regression and correlation. Appropriate technology is used to perform the calculations for many applications, and correspondingly an emphasis is placed on interpreting the results of statistical procedures. Credit is not granted for this course and any of the following: BU215, B392 or ST232.
Prerequisite: mathematics competency.
For more information contact:
Scott Sorvaag, Ed.D.
Dean, School of Education
Saint Mary's University of Minnesota
700 Terrace Heights #23
Winona, MN 559871399
(800) 6355987, Ext. 6612
ssorvaag@smumn.edu