Drs. Kathryn LaBore and Marina Rosenthal have received an Institutional Courage Research Grant to explore how institutions like universities engage in institutional betrayal related to systemic forms of oppression experienced by their members. Institutional betrayal involves action or inaction on the part of an institution that makes something that is already harmful – such as discrimination – even worse. Drs. LaBore and Rosenthal’s research will also examine specific ways that institutions may respond to accusations of wrongdoing or oppression by denying, attacking, or shifting the blame toward their members, a pattern called DARVO. This study will also examine how institutional betrayal and DARVO may undermine institutional efforts at anti-oppression work.